Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond by Brad Lancaster

Cistern Resources

Publications

Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands, vol. 3: Roof Catchment and Cistern Systems, by Brad Lancaster. Rainsource Press, publication date TBA. This volume presents guidelines specific to cistern systems, helps you select the best non-toxic materials for your system, and size it for maximum efficiency. Numerous case studies are given describing various systems and how, through integrated design, their tanks do far more than just store water.
www.HarvestingRainwater.com

Rainwater Collection for the Mechanically Challenged, 2nd rev. ed., by Suzy Banks with Richard Heinichen. Tank Town Publishing, 2004. An entertaining resource on various cisterns and how you can plumb them into your home with gravity feed or mechanically pressurized systems.
Tank Town Publishing, 1212 Quail Ridge, Dripping Springs, Texas 78620.
Phone: 512-894-0861
www.rainwatercollection.com

Rainwater Catchment Systems for Domestic Supply: Design, Construction, and Implementation, by John Gould and Erik Nissen-Petersen. Practical Action Publishing (formerly Intermediate Technology Publications), 1999.An excellent review of rainwater harvesting practices around the world. This resource presents case studies which will help anyone intending to design or construct a rainwater catchment system.
Practical Action Publishing, 103/105 Southhampton Row, London, WC1B 4HH, UK.
practicalactionpublishing.org

Texas Manual on Rainwater Harvesting, 3rd ed., by Wendy Price Todd and Gail Vittori. Texas Water Development Board in Cooperation with the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems, 2005. A great, easy-to-read resource on harvesting rainwater in cisterns. Water quality, basic system set up, and case studies are all covered. A short video covering cistern basics is also available.
For a printed copy write to Conservation, Texas Water Development Board, P.O. Box 13231, Austin, Texas 78711-3231. Available online at:
www.twdb.state.tx.us/publications/reports/RainwaterHarvestingManual_3rdedition.pdf

Water Storage: Tanks, Cisterns, Aquifers and Ponds for Domestic Supply, Fire and Emergency Use, Plus How to Make Ferrocement Water Tanks, by Art Ludwig. Oasis Design, 2005. A great overview and how-to on numerous water storage options.
www.oasisdesign.net

Ferrocement Water Tanks and Their Construction, by S. B. Watt. Practical Action Publishing (formerly Intermediate Technology Publications), 1978. A very practical resource emphasizing low-tech methods of ferrocement cistern construction, with mention of unstabilized adobe cisterns.
practicalactionpublishing.org

Guidelines on Rainwater Catchment Systems for Hawaii, by Patricia S. H. Macomber. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2001. An informative guide documenting the use of various tanks and providing a good overview of harvested rainwater quality, treatment and filtration options. Available online at:
www2.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/RM-12.pdf

Guidance on the Use of Rainwater Tanks, 2nd ed., Health Council of the National Public Health Partnership. Government of South Australia, 2004. Good deal of information and management tips on maintaining cistern water quality.
ISBN 0 642 82443 6; order from website.
www.nphp.gov.au/enhealth/council/pubs/ecpub.htm.

Roof Reliant Landscapes, a great free downloadable book that shows you how to design and install cistern systems for landscape irrigation. Focus is on New Mexico applications. www.ose.state.nm.us/wucp_RoofReliantLandscaping.html

Sustainable House,
by Michael Mobbs. Choice Books, 1998. How a family of four renovated their inner-city Sydney (Australia) home to make it almost entirely self-sufficient in electricity, water, and waste disposal.

The Rainwater Technology Handbook – Rainharvesting in Building, by Klaus W. Konig. Wilo-Brain, 2001. Examples of water harvesting tank systems throughout the world with statements from the designers.

Harvesting Rainwater for Wildlife, by James C. Cathey, Russel A. Persyn, Dana O. Porter, Monty C. Dozier, Mike Mecke and Billy Kniffen. Texas Cooperative Extension. Demonstrates a number of catchment and cistern systems to provide rainwater for livestock and wildlife. To order visit:
tcebookstore.org.

“The Secrets Of Low Tech Plumbing,” by John Vivian. Mother Earth News, June/July 1995, pp. 34-90. Information on simple rain catchment, water ram pumps, solar pumps, and old fashioned water conservation.
www.motherearthnews.com/Nature-Community/1995-06-01/The-Secrets-of-Low-Tech-Plumbing.aspx

Harvesting, Storing, and Treating Rainwater for Domestic Indoor Use, by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, 2007. PDF of document can be found by scrolling down on this page of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension website: rainwaterharvesting.tamu.edu/in-home-use/

Rainwater Harvesting: System Planning, AgriLife Extension, Texas A&M System. An excellent guide to the harvest of water in tanks and the water’s distribution. This is the workbook/textbook for the recommended water-harvesting accreditation course of the American Rainwater Catchment Systems Association (ARCSA).

Online Resources

(in addition to above)

www.watertanks.com
A good, quick reference for availability and prices of pre-manufactured water tanks. You may find a local distributor is more convenient and cheaper without the shipping, but this website is good to start the search for what is available.

www.appropedia.org/Ersson_rainwater_harvest_and_purification_(original)
This is a great website documenting Ole Ersson’s permitted potable rainwater harvesting system in Portland, Oregon. Includes diagram of the system and components used. The system cost $1,500 and harvests 27,000 gallons per year.

www.ose.state.nm.us/wucp_RoofReliantLandscaping.html

A great free downloadable book, Roof Reliant Landscapes, that shows you how to design and install cistern systems for landscape irrigation. Focus is on New Mexico applications.

www.nphp.gov.au/enhealth/council/pubs/ecpub.htm.
Guidance on the Use of Rainwater Tanks, 2nd ed., Health Council of the National Public Health Partnership. Government of South Australia, 2004. Good deal of information and management tips on maintaining cistern water quality.

www2.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/RM-12.pdf
Guidelines on Rainwater Catchment Systems for Hawaii, by Patricia S. H. Macomber. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2001. An informative guide documenting the use of various tanks and providing a good overview of harvested rainwater quality, treatment and filtration options.

Videos

Rainwater Collection for the Mechanically Challenged. Tank Town, 1999. An entertaining and informative 37-minute video on the design and installation of household rainwater systems providing potable water.
Tank Town, PO Box 1541, Dripping Springs, Texas 78620
Phone: 512-894-0861
www.rainwatercollection.com

Quality of harvested water

“Microbiology of Rainwater Cistern Systems: A Review by Dennis J. Lye, Journal of Environmental Health Science Health, A27, 8, 2123-2166, 1992.

“Contaminations of Potable Roof-Collected Rainwater in Auckland New Zealand” by G. Simmons, V. Hope, G. Lewis, J. Whitmore, and W. Gao, Water Research, 35, 6, 1518-1524, 2001.

“Bacteriological Quality of Rainwater in Roof and Ground Catchment Systems in Botswana” by J. E. Gould and H. J. McPherson, Water International, 12, 135-138, 1987.

“Variations in Rainwater Quality From Roof Catchments” by M. I. Yaziz, H. Gunting, N. Sapri, and A. W. Ghazali, Water Research, 23, 6, 761-765, 1989.

“Is Rooftop Runoff Really Clean?” TRS, Watershed Protection Techniques, 1, 2, 84-85, 1994.

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