Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond by Brad Lancaster

March 12, 2010

Green Burials

By Brad Lancaster

© 2010 Drops in a Bucket Blog, www.HarvestingRainwater.com

When I was little I was terrified of death. I often cried myself to sleep as I thought of the end of life. It seemed so bleak, pointless, and severe.

Mom tried to comfort me with the concept of going to heaven. This did not reassure me at all. “How do you know there is a heaven?” I’d ask. “Have you been there?”

Eventually, I just numbed myself to the fear by burying it in the recesses of my mind and body.

Years later the fear evaporated with an incredible discovery – composting. Yes! Here was tangible proof that there was life after death, that everything did not just end/stop/vanish with death. Instead, things transformed. In the compost pile I saw kitchen scraps, weeds, and a dead chicken decompose into beautiful, rich, fertile soil in which earthworms, mycelia, chiles, and all kinds of new life grew.

Death no longer scared me, now it excited me. My composting dead body could generate myriad life! Don’t get me wrong: I’m in no rush to experience this. But when it eventually does happen – no problem.


My dead body could generate life, or more death depending on how it is disposed of.

The conventional death industry embalms bodies with a toxic brew of formaldehyde, phenol, and menthol, which can contaminate groundwater and generate cancer and other disease in those doing the embalming.1 According to Grave Matters, today the U.S. funeral industry buries over 3 pounds of the formaldehyde-based “formalin” with every embalmed body (totaling 800,000 gallons [3,028,000 liters] of formaldehyde a year),2 while from the Civil War era to 1910, arsenic, zinc, and lead where the preferred toxic embalming compounds.3

Then there are the caskets, turning cemeteries into landfills. Grave Matters states, “Over time the typical ten-acre [4 ha] swath of cemetery ground contains enough coffin wood to construct more than forty houses, nine hundred-plus tons [816,000 kg] of casket steel, and another twenty thousand tons [18,143,000 kg] of vault concrete.”4

Cremation avoids embalming toxins, and the body can be burned in a shroud or cardboard container instead of a standard casket to consume less fuel and release fewer pollutants. But the fuel needed to incinerate the body is still substantial. Carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide are typical emissions along with toxic trace metals such as mercury – which comes from dental fillings (a good reason to ask for mercury-free fillings while alive).

All crematories in the U.S. may emit 5,000 pounds [2,267 kg] of mercury a year, while in the United Kingdom four times that amount is emitted due to a higher percent of the population choosing cremation.5



Friend and mentor Tim Murphy gave me a different vision. He wants to be buried toxin-free and naked, ass up, in the fetal position, with an acorn up his butt. “Plant me, and plant a tree. Years later you and others can come sit under my shade, harvest some acorns, and celebrate what is possible.”

I sometimes think of Tim as a radical traditionalist, and a small, but growing segment of the death industry is enabling others to take a similar path that encourages the natural decomposition of the dead and regeneration of other life from the process rather than trying to halt or slow what will eventually happen anyway. The website www.GreenBurialCouncil.org is one conduit to this path. And the book Caring for the Dead: A Complete Guide for Those Making Funeral Arrangements with or without a Funeral Director by Lisa Carlson is another conduit if you want to reduce or eliminate your participation in a death industry.

A green burial does not allow toxic embalming, concrete vaults, or elaborate caskets, which can reduce the cost of a burial by $8,000 to $12,000, according to memorial ecologist Joe Whittaker. Young trees or an engraved fieldstone are recommended over tombstones.

I experienced a new green or conservation burial ground for all faiths first hand at Honey Creek Woodlands just outside of Atlanta, Georgia. It is a beautiful place with very caring and dedicated staff, including Joe Whittaker. And it is erupting with new life.

It is located on and beside a section of once-grazed and clear-cut forest in the heart of the 2,100-acre [849-ha] grounds of the Monastery of the Holy Spirit. The monastery grounds are bordered by and connected to a state park and the network of footpaths, creeks, and wildlife corridors of the park and encompassing 8,000-acre [2,327-ha] Arabia Mountain Heritage Area. This is a huge strength for a final resting place, since many people already feel connected to this land.

First and foremost, the burial grounds are a nature preserve, with the goal of enhancing a 50-year succession back to a mixed hardwood forest, through such practices as selective weeding of invasive exotics, seeding and planting native plant stock, and adding organic matter to the soil.

Bodies are planted just 3 to 3.5 feet [0.9 to 1.06 m] deep because microbial activity and soil life drops tremendously at depths greater than 4 feet [1.21 m]. Above the body the excavated soil is placed in a mound with the topsoil placed back on top for a total initial “depth” of about 5 feet [1.5 m]. This is then covered with a light pine needle mulch and native wildflower seed. The Georgia Native Plant Society ensures only natives are used. Flowers and butterflies soon cover the 2-foot [0.6-m] tall burial mound – over 64 species of butterflies were counted in one day in 2008. The mound settles completely after a few years.

The process is so visible! So beautiful! I visited a day-old burial; fresh flowers still atop the grave. 10 feet [3 m] away, dried and shriveled flowers rested atop a week-old burial. And as I looked about I saw I was surrounded by burials, all in various stages of settling and regeneration. The older they were, the greater the density of vegetation atop them, and the more level the soil.

I saw a family cremation plot circle of field stones surrounding a tree. All were again reunited and rooted around their family’s tree.

I felt revived just being in this regenerating forest. I felt…



1. Harris, Mark. Grave Matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry to a Natural Way of Burial. Scribner, 2007. pp. 40, 41.

2. Harris, Mark. Grave Matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry to a Natural Way of Burial. Scribner, 2007. pp. 40, 56.

3. Harris, Mark. Grave Matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry to a Natural Way of Burial. Scribner, 2007. pp. 30, 39.

4. Harris, Mark. Grave Matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry to a Natural Way of Burial. Scribner, 2007. p. 38.

5. Harris, Mark. Grave Matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry to a Natural Way of Burial. Scribner, 2007. p. 61.

For more information about the legalities of green burials in your region, see the book Caring for the Dead: A Complete Guide for Those Making Funeral Arrangements with or without a Funeral Director by Lisa Carlson, mentioned above.

For Tucson- and/or Arizona-specific resources:

– Visit www.azgreenburial.com;

– Download AZ Green Burial FAQs, courtesy of Kristine Bentz;

– Read Kristine’s blog (which includes info on a May 2010 workshop in Prescott);

– Check out and consider joining a Tucson-based MeetUp group Kristine started which is dedicated to alternatives for death care;

– Contact Kristine by email.

12 Responses to “Green Burials”

  1. David Says:

    A very interesting and thought provoking idea. I’ll have to see if I can follow the theme myself. Thanks heaps Brad.

  2. Lee Einer Says:

    I’ve never had a penchant for the anal-intrusive, so I’ll pass on the acorn insertion. Just plant me and plant a fruit tree on top so I can feed the tree and be part of the great circle.

  3. Richard Roati Says:

    Excellent idea, Brad! What about those of us who would like to be buried in this manner, but in our own backyards? Is this possible in Pima County?

  4. Stephanie Says:

    I’ve always contemplated the ways I should ‘go’ after this life… with the future in mind. Love the acorn idea! Thanks for all you do and have done. Blessings.

  5. megan Says:

    Richard (and others), we’ve just updated this blog entry to include resources at the end of the entry that speak to your questions. Thanks for your interest!

  6. Brett Bauer Says:

    I have always wondered if this option was available for burial. What a beautiful way to pass on! People are going to look back over the last 100 years in history books and wonder how it was possible for the human animal to stray so far off of nature’s path. Keep up the great work Brad!

  7. Patricia Says:

    Someday Milagro Cohousing will have a green burial site, i am thinking very positively.

    Thank you Brad for the informative article and pictures

  8. EVJerry Says:

    Well Done, Indeed, Brad!
    Delight in considering the alternatives…always. Definitely concurring with Patricia.

  9. Lori Latimer Says:

    Thank you so much for speaking about this dilema.

    A sacred momento and story of a loved one will live on forever without taking up 6 square feet of earth.

    Recycle me.

  10. John Solso Says:

    Thanks, Brad. Some think greenburial is radical, but it is the chemical treatment/incineration of the dead human body that is weird. Most of the world for most of history has used natural burial.

  11. Megan Says:

    Here’s a great TED talk Brad found on how we can speed up the beneficial, natural decomposition and filtration of the toxins in our bodies after we die.


    Brad’s assistant

  12. Rod Says:

    Where are the rules and guide lines for a green cemetery for Georgia to be found?

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